Nikon D780 Overview
Mixing a contemporary imaging
approach with traditional form and function, the Nikon D780 is a versatile DSLR
excelling in both photography and video applications. Featuring a 24.5MP
full-frame CMOS sensor, high-resolution stills and video recording are
possible, and the sensor features a BSI design for heightened clarity and
reduced noise levels to suit working in a variety of lighting conditions. This
sensor also enables a wide sensitivity range from ISO 100-51200, which can be
expanded to ISO 50-204800, along with a quick 7 fps shooting rate with the
viewfinder or 12 fps in live view. This sensor also permits UHD 4K video
recording up to 30 fps using either full-frame or cropped areas. Full HD
recording up to 120 fps is available, too, along with integrated N-Log Gamma
and HLG settings for refined color control.
Complementing the imaging, when
working with the viewfinder, a 51-point phase-detection autofocus system is
available, which includes 15 cross-type points for greater accuracy in
low-light conditions. When working in live view or recording video, a 273-point
Hybrid AF system is used that blends on-sensor phase-detection points and a
contrast-detection system for quick performance and excellent subject tracking,
including support for Eye-Detection AF.
At its core, the D780 relies on the
familiarity and tradition of a DSLR, including a 0.7x-magnification pentaprism
optical viewfinder, along with a large 3.2" 2.36m-dot tilting touchscreen
LCD. Dual UHS-II SD memory card slots offer flexible storage and built-in Wi-Fi
and Bluetooth also enable wireless file transferring along with remote camera
control from a mobile device.
24.5MP FX-Format BSI CMOS Sensor
and EXPEED 6 Processor
Chosen for its versatility, the
full-frame 24.5MP CMOS sensor provides apt resolution, fast readout speeds, and
impressive low-light performance. Its BSI (back-illuminated) design, along with
the EXPEED 6 image processor, help to achieve especially clear results with
reduced noise levels to suit working with the full native sensitivity range of
ISO 100-51200, which can be extended to ISO 50-204800. For working with moving
subjects, a 7 fps continuous shooting rate is available when using the optical
viewfinder, but when working in Silent Live View mode, up to 12 fps shooting is
possible in raw or JPEG.
51-Point Multi-CAM 3500 II AF
When working with the optical
viewfinder, the Multi-CAM 3500 II AF sensor utilizes 51 phase-detection points
to quickly and accurately acquire focus on subjects. This system is sensitive
down to -3 EV and also features 15 cross-type points for even greater accuracy
in low-contrast situations. Benefitting the use of telephoto lenses and
teleconverters, 11 of the focus points are also sensitive down to an aperture
value of f/8. 3D Tracking, a part of the intelligent Scene Recognition System,
also works to benefit maintained focusing on moving subjects for greater
accuracy when shooting at high continuous shooting speeds.
UHD 4K Video Recording
In addition to stills, the D780
utilizes the sensor and processor combination to also realize highly capable
video performance. UHD 4K recording is possible using either the full-frame
area or a DX crop area in 30p, 25, or 24p frame rates and Full HD 1080p video
recording is also supported at up to 120p for slow motion playback. Files can
be saved to the in-camera memory cards or as an uncompressed file to an
optional external recorder via HDMI out.
Rounding out the video
capabilities, the D780 also integrates the N-Log gamma for capturing
flat-looking footage that maximizes dynamic range and color grading control
during post-production. HLG (Hybrid Log Gamma) can also be used to produce HDR
content. Other additions are the ability to output high-quality 10-bit data
over HDMI and an Electronic VR function for smooth handheld shooting. Focus
Peaking can be used to benefit manual focus control and a Zebra Stripes option
is also available to help detect over-exposed areas within the frame. Audio
recording can be handled using the built-in stereo microphone or an optional
external mic can be added via the 3.5mm stereo jack for greater control over
quality, and live monitoring is possible via the headphone jack.
Additionally, beyond video
recording, in-camera time lapse recording is also possible, with the ability to
record sequential 2MP stills at 120 fps.
273-Point Hybrid AF System
When working in live view or when
recording video, a Hybrid AF system is used that features 273 phase-detection
points on the sensor, which cover approximately 90% of the imaging area. This
helps to achieve fast and accurate focusing performance for both stills and
video and also avails sophisticated subject tracking technologies, including
Eye-Detection AF. This focusing system works in low-light down to -4 EV, or
down to -6 EV in the dedicated Low-Light AF mode for stills.
A bright pentaprism optical
viewfinder covers 100% of the frame with a 0.7x magnification.
Large 3.2" 2.36m-dot rear LCD
screen features a tilting design to suit working from high and low angles. It
is also a touchscreen, and affords intuitive control over playback, menu
navigation, and touch AF and touch shutter functions.
Built-in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth enable
wireless transferring of files and remote camera control from linked mobile
devices via the Nikon SnapBridge app.
Dual SD memory card slots both
support the UHS-II standard for fast read/write speeds and enable more flexible
file storage, such as overflow recording and in-camera file duplication.
EN-EL15b lithium-ion battery
provides approximately 2260 shots per charge.
Scene Recognition System and
The intelligent Scene Recognition
System with 3D Color Matrix Metering III utilizes a 180,000-pixel RGB sensor to
evaluate and analyze all aspects within a scene, including brightness,
contrast, subject distance, and the scene colors, to quickly determine an
accurate exposure and white balance setting to best render the scene at hand.
The information gathered is also checked against onboard reference images to
ensure consistency from image to image in regard to exposure, white balance,
i-TTL flash settings, and subject-tracking AF performance.
AF-S NIKKOR 24-120mm f/4G ED VR Lens Overview
Included with the camera body is
the versatile AF-S NIKKOR 24-120mm f/4G ED VR zoom, which covers an array of
oft-used focal lengths, ranging from wide-angle to telephoto, and features a
constant f/4 maximum aperture for consistent performance throughout the zoom range.
VR image stabilization works to minimize the appearance of camera shake to
benefit working in low-light conditions and a Silent Wave Motor provides fast,
smooth, and quiet focusing performance that is well-suited to video
applications. Two extra-low dispersion elements and three aspherical elements
are integrated into the optical design to reduce aberrations and distortions
and improve contrast, clarity, and color fidelity. Additionally, multi-layered
Super Integrated and Nano Crystal Coatings have also been applied to lens
elements to minimize flare and ghosting for optimized light transmission.